Körtner, Fritz

born Nathan Kohn (1892-1970)
   actor, director, and writer; helped design Berlin's* Tribune Theater in 1919. Born in Vienna, he attended that city's acting conservatory to study with Ferdinand Gregori. He was appointed stage manager at Mannheim's Stadttheater in 1910 and went to Berlin in 1911 to study under Max Reinhardt.* After he obtained contracts with several stages, Erich Zeigel engaged him in 1917 with the Hamburg Chamber Players; while in Hamburg he formed a lifelong friendship with director Erich Engel.* He returned to Berlin, where his breakthrough came in 1919 as the soldier in Ernst Toller's* Expressionist play Die Wandlung (The transformation). Opening at the Tribune Theater in September, it ran for 115 performances and established Kortner's career. He thereafter acted under Leopold Jessner* at the Staatstheater and then joined Berthold Viertel's Truppe in 1923. Among his memorable early performances was a portrayal of the malicious Gessler in Jessner's 1919 pro-duction of Schiller's Wilhelm Tell.
   Ranked with Werner Krauss* as Germany's preeminent Expressionist actor, Kortner broke with the movement around 1922 and gained a solid reputation for performances spanning a repertoire from Shakespeare to Bertolt Brecht.* Already appearing in Brecht's plays by 1923, he made up for a braying voice and unattractive face with intelligence, an ability with dialects, and exceptional empathy for his characters. Engel cast him in title roles in his 1924 production of Danton's Death and his 1925 Coriolanus. He was a sympathetic Shylock in Jürgen Fehling's* Kaufmann von Venedia (Merchant of Venice, 1927); back at the Staatstheater, he appeared in Jessner's 1928 production of Don Carlos. Brecht counted him among his best actors. Having starred in Jessner's 1926 stage play Lulu, he had the same role in G. W. Pabst's* 1929 film* Buchse der Pandora (Pandora's box). His other films included Bruder Karamosoff (Brothers Karamazov, 1920), Katherina die Grosse (Catharine the Great, 1920), Maria Stuart (Mary Stuart, 1927), Dreyfus (1930), and Danton (1931).
   Kortner emigrated in 1933, going first to England and then to the United States. Hollywood cast him in Abdul the Damned (1935), The Hitler Gang (1944), and The Razor's Edge (1946). When he returned to Munich after World War II, he acted and directed both on stage and for film and television.
   REFERENCES:Kortner, Aller Tage Abend; NDB, vol. 12; Willett, Theatre of the Weimar Republic.

A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. .

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  • KORTNER, FRITZ — (1892–1970), Austrian actor. Born in Vienna, he made his debut in 1910 in Mannheim and performed in Vienna, Dresden, and Hamburg before working with leopold jessner at the Staatstheater Berlin (in 1919–23 and 1926–30) as the leading actor of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Kortner, Fritz — (Nathan Kohn, 1892 1970)    Actor, director. Kort ner was among the most gifted actors in the Weimar Republic and was instrumental in revitalizing the German theater in the post World War II period. He received training at the Burgtheater in his… …   Historical dictionary of German Theatre

  • Kortner, Fritz — ▪ Austrian actor and director original name  Fritz Nathan Kohn  born May 12, 1892, Vienna [Austria] died July 22, 1970, Munich, West Germany       famous stage and film actor of the 1920s German avant garde who, after his return from exile in… …   Universalium

  • Kortner, Fritz — • КО РТНЕР (Kortner) Фриц (12.5.1892 22.7.1970)    нем. актёр, режиссёр, сценарист (ФРГ). Учился в венской Академии музыки и театр. иск ва. С 1910 в т рах Австро Венгрии и Германии. В кино с 1915 (ф. Полицейский № 111 ). Снимался в ф.… …   Кино: Энциклопедический словарь

  • Kortner, Fritz —    см. Kортнер, Фриц …   Энциклопедический словарь экспрессионизма

  • Kortner — Fritz Kortner (1959) Fritz Kortner (* 12. Mai 1892 in Wien; † 22. Juli 1970 in München; eigentlich Fritz Nathan Kohn) war ein österreichischer Schauspieler, Film und Theaterregisseur. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kortner-Preis — Der Fritz Kortner Preis ist ein von der Zeitschrift Theater heute verliehener und von ihrem Mitbegründer und Verleger Erhard Friedrich gestifteter Theaterpreis, der nach dem Schauspieler und Regisseur Fritz Kortner (1892–1970) benannt ist. Er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fritz Kortner — (1959) Fritz Kortner (* 12. Mai 1892 in Wien; † 22. Juli 1970 in München; eigentlich Fritz Nathan Kohn) war ein österreichischer Schauspieler, Film und Theaterregisseur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fritz Kortner — (May 12, 1892 ndash; July 22, 1970) was an Austrian born stage and film actor.Kortner was born in Vienna as Fritz Nathan Kohn . He studied at the Vienna Academy of Music and Dramatic Art. After graduating, he joined Max Reinhardt in Berlin in… …   Wikipedia

  • Fritz Freisler — (* 21. Jänner 1881 in Trübau, Böhmen; † 2. Juli 1955 in Wien) war ein österreichischer Schauspieler, Filmregisseur und Drehbuchautor. Als Regisseur war er ein wesentlicher Vertreter des österreichischen vorexpressionistischen Films. Leben und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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